A carbine is a rifle with a short barrel for easy handling. As a trade-off for compact-size and easy handling, the carbine offers less power than a traditional rifle. Due to the shorter barrel length of a carbine, bullets simply leave the barrel with less muzzle velocity. Typically, carbines have a barrel length of less than 20 inches. Carbines are considerably more powerful than pistols and less powerful than full-sized rifles. But scopes from https://adventurefootstep.com/nikon-rifle-scope-reviews/ can augment its shooting accuracy significantly.
In military history, carbines have traditionally been used by cavalry, paratroopers, and support troops. Nineteenth century American cavalry carried the Spencer Carbine, Sharps Carbine, and later Winchester lever action carbines. The quintessential American carbine is the World War II-era .30-caliber M1 Carbine. It features an 18-inch barrel which makes it far more compact than the M1 Garand which features a 24-inch barrel. Today, modern U.S. soldiers fighting in the Middle East use M4 Carbines because they are easily carried in vehicles and are easily maneuvered in the close confines of urban warfare.
Carbines are also convenient for civilian shooters to use. They fit easily into gunsafes and car trunks. Carbines also work well in restricted confines of indoor and suburban outdoor ranges. Typical surburban gun club ranges set targets and ranges of up to 25 yards and a maximum of about 100 yards. This puts targets well within the effective range of a typical carbine.
Many shooters enjoy shooting pistol caliber carbines. These carbines fire traditional handgun cartridges. For the recreational shooter, it can be economical to make a bulk purchase of pistol ammunition that can be used in either a pistol or carbine. While a carbine may not be as powerful as a rifle, it provides a quantum leap in muzzle velocity over the handgun. For example, according to the NRA book, Handloading, a .44 Magnum that has a muzzle velocity of 1369 feet per second in a 6 1/2-inch revolver, would have a muzzle velocity of 1788 feet per second when fired from a 22-inch rifle barrel. That bullet has about 30% more muzzle velocity and even more kinetic energy for those who remember their high school physics classes.
One concern with the high bullet velocities of pistol caliber carbines is over-penetration of targets and walls in urban areas. Writing in Police and Security News, Larry J. Nichols shows that 5.56mm rifle ammunition is far less likely to penetrate interior walls than .40 caliber pistol ammunition when fired from a carbine. The .40 S W; will penetrate wallboard and 25 inches of ballistic gelatin where the 5.56mm will penetrate wallboard and 6 inches of ballistic gelatin. For this reason, many police departments are considering 5.56mm carbines as patrol car rifles rather than a pistol caliber carbine.
While there are many serious considerations to ponder when selecting a carbine for home defense duty, carbines are undeniably fun to shoot. Whether you choose a traditional M1 carbine, a modern M4 carbine, a pistol caliber carbine like the Hi-Point 995, or a basic .22-caliber carbine like the Mossberg 702 Plinkster, you’ll have a fine day at your local shooting range.